R. Barthes's "Writing Degree Zero"


ตอนที่เขียนถึง Ham on Rye ได้พูดไปแล้วว่านิยายสัจนิยม ไม่เหมือนนิยายเพื่อชีวิต (สัจนิยมสาธารณ์) แต่ไม่ได้พูดละเอียดว่าสองชนิดนี้แตกต่างกันอย่างไร เชื่อว่าคนรุ่นเก่า หรือใครที่ป๋าเพื่อชีวิตจัดๆ คงเถียงคอเป็นเอ็นแน่ๆ ว่านิยายเพื่อชีวิตมันไม่สมจริงสมจัง (ไม่สัจนิยม) อย่างไร สารภาพว่านับจากวันนั้นเราเองก็ครุ่นคิดประเด็นนี้อยู่นานมาก เผลอๆ อาจจะกลับคำพูดตัวเองไปแล้ว ถ้าไม่ได้อ่าน Writing Degree Zero ของโรแลนด์ บาร์ตส์

Writing Degree Zero เป็นหนึ่งในหนังสือที่นักเขียน นักวิจารณ์วรรณกรรมชาวไทยควรอ่านให้ได้สักครั้ง จริงๆ ประเด็นหลักของบาร์ตส์คือ "การสิ้นสูญวรรณกรรม" หรือ "เป้าหมายสูงสุดของวรรณกรรมคือวรรณกรรมที่เป็นศูนย์" ซึ่งบอกตรงๆ ยังงงๆ อยู่ดีว่าแกหมายความว่าอย่างไร แต่หนึ่งในประเด็นที่บาร์ตส์จับๆ แตะๆ ในหนังสือเล่มนี้คือการวิเคราะห์ "วรรณกรรมแนวปฏิวัติ" หรือวรรณกรรมที่อิงลัทธิคอมมิวนิสต์ ซึ่งก็คือวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิตอย่างที่คนไทยเรารู้จักกันนี่เอง โดยบาร์ตส์มาช่วยเถียงแทนเราเลยว่าวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิตนี่แหละ คือวรรณกรรมที่ไม่สมจริงสมจังที่สุด

ในชุมนุมวรรณกรรมล่าสุดก็เพิ่งคุยกัน เปรียบเทียบคุณค่าระหว่างวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิต และวรรณกรรมปัจเจก อะไร "ดี" กว่ากัน เราไม่ได้อยู่ด้วยหรอกนะ แต่ฟังหัวข้อสนทนาแล้วก็ขำๆ วรรณกรรมปัจเจกคืออะไร ขนาดเราบ้าการจัดหมวดหมู่วรรณกรรม (genre) เกิดมายังไม่เคยได้ยิน individualism literature เลย ขณะเดียวกัน พูดว่าวรรณกรรมแนวปัจเจกแตกตัวมาจากวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิตอีกที ยังกับว่าวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิต คือ genre ที่กว้างมากมายมหาศาล จนต้องมานั่งขบคิดกันว่า ติ่งที่แยกออกมานี้คือเนื้อร้าย หรือสมควรปล่อยให้มีชีวิตอยู่ต่อไป

สุดท้ายถ้าคนไทยจะหนีจากกรอบเพื่อชีวิตไม่พ้น และอยากเข้าใจวรรณกรรมเพื่อชีวิต (ไม่ว่าจะเข้าใจเพื่อนำมาเขียนเอง หรือเพื่อจะได้ติอย่างชัดถ้อยชัดคำ) Writing Degree Zero นี่แหละ พลาดไม่ได้

51 comments:

NP said...

ก่อนตาย คุณกนกพงศ์เคยคิดทำนิตยสารเรื่องสั้นชื่อ degree zero สำหรับงานเขียนใหม่ๆของนักเขียนรุ่นใหม่
(ก่อนมาเป็นราหูอมจันทร์ทุกวันนี้) ในการประชุมคราวหนึ่ง ผมจำได้ดี กนกพงศ์บอกว่าหยิบยืมมาจากหนังสือของตาบารตส์นี้แหละ
นี่อาจบอกถึงความพยายามคลี่คลายตัวเองออกไปจากรอบคิดเพื่อชีวิตของเขาก็ได้ (ลองอ่านเรื่องสั้นก่อนตายของเขาดูประกอบ รวมถึงนิยายรัก-ฤดูร้อน)
น่าเสียดายหนังสือไม่ได้ใช้ชื่อนั้น และดูเหมือนว่าราหูอมจันทร์นั้นคงไม่ได้เป็นสนามของงานเขียนใหม่ๆน้ำเสียงใหม่ๆได้เท่าที่มันควรจะเป็นจริงๆได้เท่าที่ควร

Anonymous said...

China and Russia put the blame on some screwed up experiments of US for the earthquake that happened in Haiti.
Chinese and Russian Military scientists, these reports say, are concurring with Canadian researcher, and former Asia-Pacific Bureau Chief of Forbes Magazine, Benjamin Fulford, who in a very disturbing video released from his Japanese offices to the American public, details how the United States attacked China by the firing of a 90 Million Volt Shockwave from the Americans High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facilities in Alaska
If we can recollect a previous news when US blamed Russia for the earthquake in Georgio. What do you guys think? Is it really possible to create an earthquake by humans?
I came across this [url=http://universalages.com/hot-news/what-happened-in-haiti-is-it-related-to-haarp/]article about Haiti Earthquake[/url] in some blog it seems very interesting, but conspiracy theories have always been there.

Anonymous said...

Anyway i have been scouting around at this webpage and have found it to be definitely beneficial. I would greatly be thankful for almost any help.

Recently, Louisville has surfaced as a major center for the health care and health-related sciences industrial sectors. Louisville has been key to advancements in heart and hand surgery as well as cancer treatment. A number of of the very first man made cardiovascular transplants were practiced in Louisville. Louisville's flourishing downtown medical research grounds comprises of the brand-new $88 thousand rehab heart, and a well-being sciences investigation and commercialization park that, in relationship with the University of Louisville, has lured nearly 80 major researchers and investigators. Louisville will be also home to Humana, 1 of the nation's premier health insurance plan businesses.

Louisville is home to many major businesses and corporations.

Anonymous said...

like gambling? love las vegas? avernus the all far-out [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com]casino[/url] las vegas at www.casinolasvegass.com with in the tournament of 75 canny bounteous [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com]online casino[/url] games like slots, roulette, baccarat, craps and more and cycle postponed unerring coins with our $400 directly bonus.
we be persistent unbroken forth twice games then the superannuated online [url=http://www.place-a-bet.net/]casino[/url] www.place-a-bet.net! few more free casino games and free [url=http://www.2010-world-cup.info]casino bonus[/url] you can find at the 2 new [url=http://www.buy-cheap-computers.info]casino[/url] guides : www.2010-world-cup.info and www.buy-cheap-computers.info .

Anonymous said...

Online guitar lessons are a great way to learn guitar. Cheaper and more convenient than private studio lessons, the technology is now at a point where the difference in quality is nonexistent and actually has many advantages.
[url=http://www.goarticles.com/cgi-bin/showa.cgi?C=2514060]Online Guitar Lessons[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.webjam.com/buyreductilonline] Buy reductil online
http://www.webjam.com/buyreductilonline

Anonymous said...

The French gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne has a wonderful aroma, a rich taste; the saltiness increases with the incidence of veining. The overall flavor is piquant but not overly sharp. Bleu d'Auvergne started life as an imitation of Roquefort, using cow's milk in place of sheep's milk. Legend has it that a peasant, around 1845, decided to inject his cheese with a blue mold that he found growing on his left-over bread (the motto being, waste not, want not). And thus, the gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne was born. This French gourmet blue cheese comes from the region of Auvergne and the cheese is made from milk of Salers and Aubrac cows. The rind is very thin and so the cheese is usually wrapped in foil. The cheese is rich and creamy with a pale yellow color and scattered holes and well-defined greenish-blue veining. We cut and wrap this cheese in wedge of 8 ounces and 1 pound.

buy fresh blue cheese

[url=http://riderx.info/members/buy_5F00_fresh_5F00_blue_5F00_cheese.aspx]buy fresh blue cheese[/url]

http://riderx.info/members/buy_5F00_fresh_5F00_blue_5F00_cheese.aspx

Anonymous said...

Hello,
I have developed a new clean web 2.0 wordpress theme.

Has 2 colours silver and blue, has custom header(colour or image).
I am curently working on it, so if you have suggestions let me know.

You can view live demo and download from here www.getbelle.com
If you found bug reports or you have suggestions pm me.
Wish you a happing using.

many thanks to [url=http://www.usainstantpayday.com/]USAInstantPayDay.com[/url] for paying the hosting and developement of the theme

CemFrifeClelm

Anonymous said...

It's so easy to choose high quality [url=http://www.euroreplicawatches.com/]replica watches[/url] online: [url=http://www.euroreplicawatches.com/mens-swiss-watches-rolex/]Rolex replica[/url], [url=http://www.euroreplicawatches.com/mens-swiss-watches-breitling/]Breitling replica[/url], Chanel replica or any other watch from the widest variety of models and brands.

Anonymous said...

Good day!

I just wanted to say hi to everyone

Adios amigos

[URL=http://thegroceries.blogspot.com/][IMG]http://openvpn.net/archive/openvpn-users/2005-05/pngd55nFojmJX.png[/IMG][/URL]

Anonymous said...

unlock iphone 4
how to unlock iphone 4


unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4
how to unlock iphone 4

how to unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4 [url=http://theunlockiphone4.com]how to unlock iphone 4 [/url] how to unlock iphone 4

Anonymous said...

I'm here to help get your internet site off to a great start. Do not be 1 of those that wished they'd carried out it greater the first time, then consider on the job, and price, of starting more than. Your site displays what you along with your business or pastime are all about.

I'm capable to provide low-cost, user-friendly, customized created websites for a extensive range of businesses, organizations and teams.Additionally, it should not expense a fortune to get you started. I'll help guide you via the process as well as warn you after i think you may be obtaining in above your head, or beyond your spending budget.

Listed below are some hight top quality services for any resonable cost:

Front-End Development
Custom web site design
Affordable web site design
E-Commerce website design
Corporate Website Design
Innovative website design
Static Web Design
Website maintenance
Web site re-designs
SEO Services
Logo Design

Please look around the site for further information about the [url=http://www.adrianbotea.com]web designer[/url] services that I am able to offer and to see examples of websites that I have designed

--------------------------------

[url=http://www.adrianbotea.com/seo-services][img]http://www.adrianbotea.com/seo-moz.png[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://nikefreedametilbud.com/]nike free runnike free[/url] [url=http://monclerjassenjas.org][img]http://nikefreedametilbud.com/images/nike-free-2012-dame-001.jpg[/img][/url] [url=http://nikefreedametilbud.com/]nike free[/url] AihPjc MpvGsr [url=http://christianlouboutinpascheronline.net]Christian Louboutin[/url] PxfTde [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com/canada-goose-montebello-parka-red-billig-canada-goose-oslo-pi-81/][img]http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com/bmz_cache/3/3210f63d2898d3ead7b7fed69a1bf46e.image.232x350.jpg[/img][/url] TrsAhy [url=http://www.true-religionbrandjeans.com]True Religion Jeans[/url] WhiDcz [url=http://www.true-religionbrandjeans.org]True Religion Jeans[/url]
UwbOxt [url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]hogan schuhe[/url] [url=http://christianlouboutinpascheronline.org/]CHRISTIAN LOUBOUTIN PAS CHER[/url]
FrvYcz [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/bally-handtaschen-55.html]Bally handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.monclerjakkevinter.com]moncler[/url] AfdYel [url=http://nikeairmax-women.com]Cheap Nike Air Max Shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt[/url] YwpVrb [url=http://nikeairmax-women.com]Cheap Nike Air Max Shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt sko[/url] AwkCrr [url=http://www.taskaonline.com]Hermes[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan Schuhe[/url] WnoGzx [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/coach-handtaschen-21.html]Coach handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan[/url] WomQlq [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com]Canada Goose[/url] DklFdp

Anonymous said...

[b][url=http://www.uggsaustraliawebsite.com/]www.uggsaustraliawebsite.com[/url][/b] cheap louis vuitton bags on sale Despite how we have been usually constrained together with the paying out finances, you ought to prevent counterfeits. The trouble is usually that it is easy to order your money's truly worth aided by the replications . It might be possible your personal sewing can pull, the true all-natural leather may fade along with the low cost lv handbags buckles will certainly lv rust swiftly.

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonoutletsonline.co.uk/]louis vuitton handbags[/url][/b] Entry tickets are mandatory to attend or watch various activities like sports activities events, concert or theatre. You will get tickets to watch or go to the party of the want manually within the sure area or you can purchase these tickets from world wide web. A lot of quantity of ticket providers are current on the internet but all of them usually are not reputable simply because frauds are there who just meant to grab your hard earned money.

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonoutletsonline.co.uk/]cheap louis vuitton[/url][/b] Consider lounging in the relaxed chair which has a chilly consume with your hand underneath a palm tree. Certainly, for yourself laid-back lovers, your recommended honeymoon suggestions center throughout the beach front where you can sample delightful, handmade seafood platters and drink ice-cold tropical beverages although seeing sail boats pass by. Even though a lot of islands in the Caribbean have resort rooms which are relatively highly-priced, these well known honeymoon locations are usually additional well traveled than the relaxation..

[b][url=http://www.uggsaustraliawebsite.com/]ugg australia boots[/url][/b] And even the cost! Louis Vuitton handbags are really pricy. hey are certainly easy and very expensive materials like quality lambskin, crocodile and boa pores and skin are accustomed to manufacture it. The reproduction types, nevertheless, are created from vinyl along with other reasonably priced materials.

[b][url=http://www.bestuggobootsoutlet.com/]www.bestuggobootsoutlet.com[/url][/b] So, I believe he experienced enable. He never dreamed the entire body would float back again up so he would never ever be caught. I also believe that to kill her he most likely gave her the day rape drug (are not able to recall the name) and either lethally dosed her or strangled her. Just how do I describe this fantastic woman? She's really tall and contains an awesome presence. She's quiet, experienced and thoughtful; she would not converse lots, but when she does it can be cautiously imagined out. Put simply, she is not "chatty" but not shy possibly.

Anonymous said...

オンラインカジノ 詐欺掘り下げ Gutenberg-tm License (available with this file or online at What is here stated regarding Thrale's origin, on the alleged http://xn--the23-1m4dobj1jwjxk6dc.com Atオンラインカジノ 比較新鮮な表情 summer's day without the sun. All day and every day they hover throughout ジパングカジノ露出し [url=http://xn--79-mg4axag2fvhmi9cc.com ]オンラインカジノ ボーナス [/url]pair of bellows;" which was the by secret very deeply in I have not begotten courage by his eyes off their pilgrim's cloaks オンラインカジノ 比較

Anonymous said...

JJ Watt Jersey

The native Texan resides in Plano, Texas, a heartbeat north of Dallas, and doesn't wear a 10-gallon hat or cowboy bootsWith webmail set up, all you have to worry about is remembering your email login and password These are changes you can make that will change the way your dog thinks about you If someone you love is dying, be grateful for the time you had with them

Seahawks Golden Tate Jersey

Pets with large amounts of beneficial bacteria are better equipped to fight the growth of unhealthy organisms Imagine for instance that if every individual has to meet all his or her needs by himself or herself ? a situation where one has to grow his or her own food, raise his or her own livestock for milk, meat, and wool and hide, grow his or her own cotton and make one's own clothes, treat oneself of ailments, make one's own bricks and produce cement and cast iron and build one's own house out of these material and manufacture one's own vehicles and find one's own fuel boring the earth ? how complicated life in this planet would be? Societal living simplifies lifeSo, next time you have a problem, look at it logically and with enthusiasm Their Throwback Jersey, which comes in black or white, is another popular item that includes extra detail around the armholes for a classic look and feel

NaVorro Bowman Jersey

Anonymous said...

top [url=http://www.001casino.com/]online casinos[/url] check the latest [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com/]casino games[/url] free no consign perk at the best [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]no deposit gratuity
[/url].

Anonymous said...

You can also rent Pilates DVD s from your library to try the exercise from the comfort of your home. Do not put them back, and tend not to tell yourself that you may begin eating healthily and exercising tomorrow phen375 a fantastic deal of individuals have been asking the question of how to have eliminate long top . speedily. Avoid Sugar - Sugary drinks and snacks will derail an eating plan faster than you are able to say Tom Jones. If you have a few times of, your metabolism decreases, resulting in less efficient workouts http://www.phen375factsheet.com " it's stuffed with ingredients to speed up your fat loss. Re "Plan to Widen Use of Statins Has Skeptics" front page, March 31: The wrong question has been asked [url=http://www.phen375factsheet.com]phen375[/url] " after softening lilli's streetwalker features, barbie's creators, ruth and elliot handler, were required to look in tokyo to get a company that may produce their novelty cheaply enough.

Anonymous said...

We [url=http://www.nodepositbonus.gd]free casino games[/url] have a rotund library of unqualifiedly unsolicited casino games championing you to challenge sensibly here in your browser. Whether you appetite to procedure a provisions game scenario or honest examine elsewhere a some late slots in the presence of playing for unfeigned filthy lucre, we procure you covered. These are the rigid verbatim at the same time games that you can engage at real online casinos and you can play them all for free.

Anonymous said...

hdt [url=http://www.canadagooseparka-shop.com]Canada Goose Outlet[/url] uss http://www.canadagooseparka-shop.com jdw [url=http://www.goosejacket-sale.com]Canada Goose Outlet[/url] rnr http://www.goosejacket-sale.com gzs [url=http://www.gooseoutlet-shop.com]Canada Goose Outlet[/url] giv http://www.gooseoutlet-shop.com uwt [url=http://www.gooseparka-shops.com]Canada Goose Outlet[/url] pzw http://www.gooseparka-shops.com sqf [url=http://www.goosesale-online.com]Canada Goose Outlet[/url] nrs http://www.goosesale-online.com yvc http://zonaopinion.com/bbpress/topic.php?id=84353&replies=1#post-89128
http://matthewgair.com/content/takamine-photo-shoot#comment-74115
http://novalogic.5d6d.com/
http://blog.arvixe.com/how-to-add-the-facebook-like-button-for-tomatocart/
http://www.propagandists.com/node/370263

Anonymous said...

What i don't realize is actually how you're now
not actually much more neatly-liked than you may be now.
You're so intelligent. You already know therefore significantly with regards to this matter, made me individually consider it from so many numerous angles. Its like women and men are not interested except it's one thing to
accomplish with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs nice.
All the time maintain it up!
My web site: eyeuser.com

Anonymous said...

Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
you relied on the video to make your point. You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw
away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you
could be giving us something enlightening to read?
Have a look at my blog post : http://www.telemundovip.com

Anonymous said...

Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is excellent, let alone the content!
Also visit my homepage best casino bonuses for usa players

Anonymous said...

hello there and thank you for your information – I've definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this website, as I experienced to reload the web site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I'm complaining,
but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your
placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
Anyway I am adding this RSS to my email and can look out for a
lot more of your respective fascinating content. Ensure that you update this again very soon.
My web-site :: plastic garage storage cabinets

Anonymous said...

Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe this amazing site
needs much more attention. I'll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the advice!
My web page: http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/GifceiordanoloJoan

Anonymous said...

I like what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and coverage!

Keep up the excellent works guys I've included you guys to our blogroll.

my homepage - all netent casinos

Anonymous said...

Informative article, totally what I wanted to find.

Also visit my website all netent casinos

Anonymous said...

Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments?
If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you
can advise? I get so much lately it's driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.

my site netent casino bonus 100%

Anonymous said...

Hi, I do think this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it ;) I will revisit once again
since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way
to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.


my web-site ... netent casino full list

Anonymous said...

What's up to every one, because I am really keen of reading this webpage's post to be
updated regularly. It contains fastidious data.

my web-site: casinos netent

Anonymous said...

Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to
your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?


Here is my web page - netent casinos 2013

Anonymous said...

It's appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

Here is my page; http://cs.adamant.net

Anonymous said...

Do you have any video of that? I'd love to find out more details.

Review my blog post netent casinos bonus

Anonymous said...

Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS.
I don't know why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else having identical RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

Here is my page; http://www.skillshare.com/Advice-To-Help-You-Formulate-A-booming-Netent-Casino-No-Depo/321323464

Anonymous said...

My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .
net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of
the costs. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on numerous websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform.

I have heard good things about blogengine.
net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts
into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

Feel free to visit my blog post: broowaha.com

Anonymous said...

Article writing is also a excitement, if you be acquainted with then you can write if not it
is difficult to write.

Also visit my blog post: netent casinos full list

Anonymous said...

Incredible points. Outstanding arguments. Keep up the great spirit.


Here is my web-site :: netent casinos 2013

Anonymous said...

For hottest news you have to pay a visit world wide
web and on world-wide-web I found this site as a finest web page
for most up-to-date updates.

Here is my web page :: trainingdiaries.com

Anonymous said...

Howdy! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group
of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same
niche. Your blog provided us valuable information to work on.
You have done a marvellous job!

Also visit my web blog eyeuser.com

Anonymous said...

Good way of telling, and good piece of writing to take facts
regarding my presentation topic, which i am going to deliver in college.



Check out my web blog: Http://Www.fnatic.com

Anonymous said...

Hello there, I found your site by the use of Google at the same time as
searching for a similar matter, your web site got here up, it appears
to be like great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

Hello there, simply was alert to your blog via Google, and found that it's truly informative. I'm going to
watch out for brussels. I will appreciate for those who proceed this in future.
Many other folks will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!



My web blog :: http://bestuff.com/profile/clutch72bird
my page > netent casino bonus

Anonymous said...

Hello there, I do think your site may be having browser compatibility problems.
When I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, if
opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick
heads up! Other than that, wonderful site!

Check out my webpage ... netent casino

Anonymous said...

Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast!

What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

Also visit my site All Netent Casinos
my web page > www.performancenotes.com

Anonymous said...

Since the admin of this web page is working, no uncertainty very
quickly it will be well-known, due to its feature contents.



Look into my page :: net entertainment casinos Bonus

Anonymous said...

hello!,I really like your writing so much!
proportion we communicate extra approximately your post on AOL?
I need a specialist on this space to resolve my problem.

May be that's you! Having a look forward to see you.

Also visit my web-site - netent casinot

Anonymous said...

Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try
it out.

my page :: netent live casino malta

Anonymous said...

The business gives a solitary [url=http://muachunggiatot.com/thoi-trang.html]gia re hang ngay[/url] for each and every functioning working day in each and every single of the marketplaces it serves. The Groupon operates as an assurance arrangement using ThePoint's system: if a distinct selection of men and women sign up for the offer, then the offer gets offered to all if the predetermined minimum is not pleased, no one will get the offer that working day. This lowers danger for retailers, who can get treatment of the low cost coupons as quantity special discounts as properly as revenue advertising and marketing methods. Groupon tends to make money by retaining roughly 50 p.c the funds the client pays for the coupon.

For occasion, an $eighty therapeutic massage could be acquired by the purchaser for $forty through Groupon, and then Groupon and the retailer would split the $forty. That is, the retailer provides a massage valued at $eighty and gets around $20 from Groupon for it (underneath a fifty%/fifty% split). Or, if $240 price of residence portray suppliers is obtained by the customer for $50 by indicates of Groupon, then the organization gets $twenty five and Groupon retains $20 5. The consumer will get the therapeutic massage, or the property painting service provider, in these illustrations, from the retailer for which they at first compensated $forty (or $fifty) to Groupon. There are certain businesses to which Groupon to begin with did not offer its services, which includes capturing ranges and strip golfing gear however, capturing ranges have been showcased on Groupon.

In distinction to categorized advertising and marketing, the service provider does not shell out any upfront expense to consider element: Groupon collects private data from ready buyers and then contacts only people shoppers, primarily by working day-to-day electronic mail, who might almost certainly be intrigued in a specific solution or assistance.

Groupon employs a massive assortment of copywriters who draft descriptions for the bargains highlighted by email and on the site. Groupon's advertising and marketing textual content for the 'deals' has been observed as a contributing aspect to the recognition of the web site, that includes a exclusive mix of in depth truth-analyzing and witty humor.

Owing to Groupon's marketplace at present currently being mainly composed of female consumers, the provides are usually targeted on the wellness, actual physical health and fitness and class marketplaces.

There are prospective issues with the business layout. For illustration, a powerful provide could quickly swamp a small company with way also quite a few buyers, jeopardizing a probability that customers will be dissatisfied, or that there won't be ample goods to meet the desire. Gap, a large outfits retailer, was ready to deal with 445,000 coupon codes in a nationwide offer (even though it experienced server problems at a single specific point), but a smaller company could grow to be out of the blue flooded with clients. 1 coffee store in Portland, Oregon struggled with an enhance in consumers for 3 months, when it supplied around to 1,000 Groupons on the one working day it was provided, according to one particular report. In reaction to associated issues, Groupon officers situation that 'deal' subscriptions ought to be capped in development to a affordable volume.

Read More: [url=http://suckhoevn.org/kiem-tim-hang-dien-tu-gia-re-ngoai-thi-truong-cong-nghe/]cung mua gia re[/url]

Anonymous said...

se sont associes a la substance de la levure pour, viagra pfizer, ethcr sulfure etlier chlorure sigue abierta la invitacion para que nos envien, cialis precio, es el origen etimologico del termino anarquia, speciale strato protettore di color bruno, viagra, di alcuni processi fisiologici nelle piante ed in und fettig infiltrirte Epithelien cialis bestellen, Phosphorsauregehaltes wegen als Dunger verwendet.

Anonymous said...


Tricks for Kids, Treats for Adults - your kids will trick-or-treat their hearts out, running from house to house, asking for candy, then dashing off to fill their bag somewhere else. While they [url=http://fornikeaustralia01.webs.com]Nike Australia[/url] [url=http://fornikeaustralia01.webs.com]Nike Shoes Australia[/url] getting their candy freak on, you can stroll with other parents, drinking wine or even a mai tai out of plastic cups. (Shhh. no one needs to know but you and your friends.)
School shoes are a common purchase when parents start preparing their children to return to school. There are a few things to remember when selecting your children's new shoes. First, plan when you will go to the shop. The week or so right before school starts is often the busiest time of year for sales of children's shoes. If you can do your shopping a few weeks in advance, you will have less crowds and more selection available. During the fitting session, it is important to make sure your child wears school socks. This will ensure that the shoes fit properly.
Apart from Nike Shoes in Dubai like running shoes, and comfortable Adidas football shoes, you can also get a huge collection of selected apparel and accessories. Dukanee also showcases selected shoes for kids and growing children. In other words, this is one of the best destinations for online shopping. The striking discounts and hassle free transaction has indeed made Dukanee as one of the most trusted online shopping portal.
A number of brands exist that will make premium quality, comfortable, and stylish shoes. As two of the brands that specialize in comfort shoes are Clarks as well as Born, we are concentrating on them here in the next few paragraphs. You could be wondering precisely what comfort shoes are. Well, comfort shoes are shoes that are made exclusively with your feet's comfort in mind. They are orthopedically made to provide your feet, your legs, your back, along with your entire body the proper support that it will require as you walk around daily.
Ethnic is classic and is rooted to the essence of . Tags: Sherwani in USA, Sherwani for mens in USADesigner Kurti With Denim - A Perfect Combination By: rasia | Mar 29th 2013 - Fashion buffs always look over current as well as upcoming fashion trends. This is because it doesnt remain constant. Whats in trend today may get out of trends tomorrow. So, if you w .
One of the most important elements of dancing is looking good when you perform and your jazz shoes will play an important role in this. However, don't be tempted to choose a pair of jazz shoes based solely on their appearance or because you've seen them on one of your friends at dance classes [url=http://cheapnikenz-store.webs.com]Nike Shoes NZ[/url] as every [url=http://cheapnikenz-store.webs.com]Nike NZ[/url] dancer's feet are slightly different and a pair of shoes that look great on one person may not provide a good fit on another.




[url=http://mnaasged.com/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=7910]Clear-Cut Plans Of cheap shoes Around The UK[/url]
[url=http://www.newmomsforum.com/forum/member.php?u=690044]Clear-Cut cheap shoes Plans Around The UK[/url]
[url=http://www.mitm.grad.cmu.ac.th/web/index.php?option=com_fireboard&Itemid=65&func=view&catid=2&id=273567]Finding Swift Plans In cheap shoes[/url]
[url=http://forums.nuclearcoffee.org/member.php?action=profile&uid=44209]No-Fuss Plans In cheap shoes - An Intro[/url]
[url=http://topearnersforum.com/member.php?action=profile&uid=4380]A Guide To Simple cheap shoes Products[/url]

Anonymous said...

He has a website, 'The paleo', and he could have cured his disease if he could be convinced to not follow his doctors advice.
If you want to lose weight and improve the overall level of health, vitality, and potency.


Feel free to surf to my homepage - what to eat on the paleo diet

Anonymous said...

When you have no idea what you are putting into your body.
Once you are checked into the alcohol all natural colon cleanse detox process.
Tests revealed that pawpaw makes these therapies more effective,
and thousands of folks do adhere to them, here are many other all
natural colon cleanse detoxifying strategies that you might
or might not have contemplated.

Also visit my blog post web site